[2402.07616] Anchor-based Large Language Models

Download a PDF of the paper titled Anchor-based Large Language Models, by Jianhui Pang and 3 other authors

Download PDF

Abstract:Large language models (LLMs) predominantly employ decoder-only transformer architectures, necessitating the retention of keys/values information for historical tokens to provide contextual information and avoid redundant computation. However, the substantial size and parameter volume of these LLMs require massive GPU memory. This memory demand increases with the length of the input text, leading to an urgent need for more efficient methods of information storage and processing. This study introduces Anchor-based LLMs (AnLLMs), which utilize an innovative anchor-based self-attention network (AnSAN) and also an anchor-based inference strategy. This approach enables LLMs to compress sequence information into an anchor token, reducing the keys/values cache and enhancing inference efficiency. Experiments on question-answering benchmarks reveal that AnLLMs maintain similar accuracy levels while achieving up to 99% keys/values cache reduction and up to 3.5 times faster inference. Despite a minor compromise in accuracy, the substantial enhancements of AnLLMs employing the AnSAN technique in resource utilization and computational efficiency underscore their potential for practical LLM applications.

Submission history

From: Jianhui Pang [view email]
Mon, 12 Feb 2024 12:48:02 UTC (7,774 KB)
Fri, 16 Feb 2024 16:58:04 UTC (7,782 KB)

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *